Category Archives: Current Affairs

Current Affairs English: 21-Mar-2018 (English Medium)

Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council (BRIAC)

  • BIRAC celebrated its 6th Foundation Day recently with the theme as ‘Sustaining Innovation – A Market Driven Pathway’.
  • It is a not-for-profit Public Sector Enterprise, set up by Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Ministry of Science and Technology Government of India.
  • Its aim is to empower the emerging biotech industry to undertake strategic research and innovation.
  • It is a new industry academia interface and implements its mandate through a wide range of impact initiatives.
  • BIRAC had launched the National Biopharma Mission.
  • In addition, Grand Challenges India (GCI) program is the flagship program managed by the Program Managing Unit at BIRAC for the Department of Biotechnology and Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation partnership.

National Cultural Audiovisual Archives (NCAA)

  • NCAA has been certified recently, as the world’s first Trusted Digital Repository as per ISO standard, granted by Primary Trustworthy Digital Repository Authorization Body Ltd. (PTAB), U.K.
  • It is a project of the Ministry of Culture, Government of India, implemented by Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA).

  • NCAA’s primary objective is to identify and preserve the cultural heritage of India available in audiovisual form through a process of digitization and making it accessible to the people.
  • NCAA digital repository is established with and powered by DIGITALAYA which is developed by Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC),Pune.
  • IGNCA is set up by the Government of India, as a premier research institute dedicated to holistic understanding and expression of Indian arts in their inter and multi-disciplinary nature.

Dargha Ajmer

  • The dargha is a sufi shrine of sufi saint Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Chishty at Ajmer, Rajasthan.
  • Khwaja Chishti is also known by different names as, Khawaja Gharib Nawaz, “Sultan-Ul-Hind”.

   

  • Khwaja Chisti established the Chishti order of ‘fakirs’ in India.
  • The Dargah Khawaja Gharibnawaz has several tombs, buildings, Daalaans and courtyards are of Mughal architecture.
  • The annual Urs festival is celebrated to mark the death anniversary of the Sufi saint, his symbolic union with God.

Lingayat and Veerashaiva

  • Recently,Karnataka government decided to recommend religious minority status to the Lingayat and Veerashaiva community.
  • The tradition of Lingayatism has been founded by social reformer and philosopher Basavanna in 12th century Karnataka.
  • Basavanna’s vision of a societal order was based on human freedom, equality, rationality, and brotherhood.
  • Emergence of the Lingayat sect can be located within Bhakti movements that had swept across South India from the 8th century AD onwards.
  • Veerashaivism is a Shaiva sect within Hinduism and is predominantly located in Karnataka.
  • Veerashaivas claim that Basavanna was not the founder of the Lingayat tradition, but rather a reformer of an already existing religious tradition which they call Veerashaivism.

Totten Glacier

  • A recent research by the Australia’s Antarctica Program revealed that more of Totten Glacier is floating.
  • As the glacier is in direct contact with warming ocean temperatures it could have a significant impact on the rise of global sea levels(about 3 meters if this glacier  melts).
  • Totten glacier is one of the fastest-flowing and largest glaciers in Antarctica east

  

  • NASA found that between 2002 and 2016, Antarctica lost 125 giga tons of ice annually, causing global sea levels to rise by 0.35mm a year.
  • The amount of ice sitting behind the Totten is comparable to that which is contained within the whole West Antarctic ice sheet (WAIS).

Dog-faced Bat Species

  • International team of scientists has succeeded in recognizing two more species of dog-faced bats.
  • The dog-faced bats are a fast-flying, insectivorous species.
Species Location
Cynomops freemani Canal Zone region of Panama.
Cynomops tonkigui Eastern Andes of Ecuador and Colombia.
  • The freemani species was named in honour of scientist Patricia W. Freeman.

   

  • In the case of tonkigui species, the word ‘tonkigui’ means bat in Waorani, a language spoken in Ecuador, where the species is found.

Map of the day

Africa –Physical Features

  • Okavango Delta is a large low gradient alluvial fan or ‘Inland Delta’ located in north-western Botswana.
  • Okavango Delta became the 1000th site to be officially inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
  • The system consists of two branches- the main branch, the Eastern Rift (or Albertine) Valley and the western branch of the system, the Western Rift Valley.
  • Lake Victoria is not a part of the Rift valley system.
  • Lakes such as Tannayaka, Nayasa, Albert are part of the rift valley system.

Source: PIB, The Hindu, Business Standard


Current Affairs Hindi: 18-19 March 2018 (हिंदी माध्यम )

  1. विश्व आर्थिक मंच (डब्ल्यूईएफ) के ऊर्जा संक्रमण सूचकांक में भारत को कौनसा स्थान मिला है?

विश्व आर्थिक मंच (डब्ल्यूईएफ) के ऊर्जा संक्रमण सूचकांक (energy transition index ) की 114 देशों की सूची में भारत को 78वां स्थान मिला है । इस मामले में उभरते विकासशील देशों चीन और ब्राजील से भी पीछे रहा है. ऊर्जा संक्रमणसूचकांक की सूची में शीर्ष स्थान स्वीडन को प्रदान किया गया है। ‘फोस्टिंग इफेक्ट एनर्जी ट्रांजिशन’ रिपोर्ट के मुताबिक इस सूचकांक में देशों को इस आधार पर स्थान दिया गया है  कि वे उर्जा सुरक्षा और पर्यावरणीय स्थिरता और सामर्थ्य पर कैसे संतुलन बनाए रखते हैं.

  1. विश्व व्यापार संगठन की स्थापना कब हुई थी?

विश्व व्यापार संगठन (डब्ल्यूटीओ) एक अंतरराष्ट्रीय संगठन है जो विश्व व्यापार के लिए नियम बनाता है। इस संगठन की स्थापना 1995 में द्वितीय विश्व युद्ध के बाद बनाए गए प्रशुल्क एवं व्यापार संबंधी सामान्य करार (गैट) के स्थान पर लाने के लिए की गई थी। वर्तमान में इसके 164 सदस्य हैं। विश्व व्यापार संगठन के  महानिदेशक रॉबर्टो एज़ेवेडो हैं |

  1. गुड़ी पड़वाका शाब्दिक अर्थ क्या है ?

गुड़ी का अर्थ है विजय पताका। कहा जाता है कि इसी दिन ब्रह्माजी ने सृष्टि का निर्माण किया था। चैत्र मास की शुक्ल प्रतिपदा यानि इसी दिन से नया संवत्सर भी शुरु होता है। अत: इस तिथि को ‘नवसंवत्सर’ भी कहते हैं। इस दिन हिन्दु नववर्ष का आरम्भ होता है। युग‘ और ‘आदि‘ शब्दों की संधि से बना है ‘युगादि‘। आंध्र प्रदेश और कर्नाटक में ‘उगादि‘ और महाराष्ट्र में यह पर्व ‘ग़ुड़ी पड़वा’ के रूप में मनाया जाता है |

  1. कड़कनाथ मुर्गा के जीआई टैग के लिए मध्यप्रदेश और छत्तीसगढ़ राज्य के बीच विवाद चल रहा है | कड़कनाथ मुर्गा की विशेषताएं क्या है ?

लाजवाब स्वाद के लिए जाने जाने वाले कड़कनाथ मुर्गे की प्रजाति मध्यप्रदेश और छत्तीसगढ़ के बीच विवाद का विषय बनी हुई है। इस प्रजाति के मुर्गे के जीआई टैग (भौगोलिक संकेतक) को लेकर ये दोनों ही राज्य अपना-अपना दावा पेश कर रहे हैं। इन दोनों पड़ोसी राज्यों ने इस काले पंख वाले मुर्गे की प्रजाति के लिए ‘जीआई टैग’ प्राप्त करने के लिए चेन्नई स्थित भौगोलिक संकेतक पंजीयन कार्यालय में आवेदन दिये हैं। कड़कनाथ के मांस में आयरन एवं प्रोटीन की मात्रा बहुत अधिक होती है, जबकि कॉलेस्ट्राल की मात्रा अन्य प्रजाति के मुर्गों से काफी कम पायी जाती है।

  1. वाशिंगटन सुन्दर किस खेल से सम्बंधित हैं ?

5 अक्टूबर 1999 को चेन्नई में जन्में वाशिंगटन सुन्दर भारतीय क्रिकेट टीम के खिलाड़ी हैं | बाएं हाथ से बल्लेबाज़ी करने वाले सुंदर वाशिंगटन दाएं हाथ से ऑफ़ब्रेक गेंदबाज़ी करते हैं. 18 साल के युवा वाशिंगटन सुन्दर को निदहास टूर्नामेंट में ‘’मैन ऑफ़ द सिरीज़’’ घोषित किया गया. निदहास टूर्नामेंट क्रिकेट से सम्बंधित है अभी हाल ही में भारत , श्रीलंका और बांग्लादेश के बीच खेली गयी है | तमिलनाडु के सुंदर ने निदहास ट्रॉफ़ी में आठ विकेट चटकाए और ऐसा प्रदर्शन करने वाले वो भारत के सबसे युवा अंतरराष्ट्रीय क्रिकेटर हैं |

  1. संयुक्त राष्ट्र ने रोहिंग्या शरणार्थियोंकी जरूरतों को पूरा करने के लिए संयुक्त राष्ट्र ने951 मिलियन डॉलर की अपील जारी की है संयुक्त राष्ट्र शरणार्थी उच्चायुक्त कार्यालय के उच्चायुक्त कौन हैं ?

वर्तमान में इसके उच्चायुक्त फिलिपो ग्रांडी हैं | शरणार्थीयो हेतु संयुक्त राष्ट्र उच्चायुक्त ( United Natonals high Commisioner for Refugees ) का गठन 14 दिसंबर हुआ था। संयुक्त राष्ट्र ने बांग्लादेश में लगभग 900,000 रोहनिया शरणार्थियों की जरूरतों को पूरा करने के लिए संयुक्त राष्ट्र ने 951 मिलियन डॉलर की अपील जारी की है इसका उद्देश्य शरणार्थियों की समस्याओं के प्रति आपात राहत पुनर्वास सहायता, सुरक्षा तथा स्थायी निदान उपलब्ध कराना है। इस कार्यालय द्वारा तीन वर्षों के लिए 1 जनवरी, 1951 से कार्य आरंभ किया गया, यूएनएचसीआर का मुख्यालय जेनेवा में है। इसे संयुक्त राष्ट्र द्वारा प्रदत्त सब्सिडी तथा सरकारों व गैर-सरकारी संगठनों एवं निजी व्यक्तियों के योगदानों के माध्यम से कोष उपलब्ध होता है

  1. अमीना गुरीब फकीम किस देश से सम्बंधित हैं ?

अमीना गुरीब फकीम मॉरीशस की राष्ट्रपति हैं |  वित्तीय घोटाले में फंसी मॉरीशस की राष्ट्रपति अमीना गुरीब फकीम ने शनिवार को अपने पद से इस्तीफा दे दिया। उनके वकील ने संवाददाताओं को बताया कि गुरीब फकीम ने ‘राष्ट्रहित’ में इस्तीफा सौंपा है और यह 23 मार्च से प्रभावी होगा।

प्रधानमंत्री प्रवीण जगनाथ ने एक हफ्ते पहले घोषणा की थी कि गुरीब फकीम इस्तीफा देने को लेकर सहमत हो गई हैं। राष्ट्रपति गुरीब फकीम पर आरोप है कि उन्होंने एक अंतरराष्ट्रीय एनजीओ के द्वारा जारी किए गए क्रेडिट कार्ड का इस्तेमाल अपनी पर्सनल शॉपिंग के लिए किया।

  1. नवाचार और उद्यमिता महोत्सव क्या है ?

नवाचार और उद्यमिता महोत्सव समारोह राष्ट्रमंडल विज्ञान तथा प्रौद्योगिकी विभाग और राष्ट्रीय नवप्रवर्तन प्रतिष्ठान – भारत के साथ मिलकर राष्ट्रपति भवन द्वारा आयोजित किया जा रहा है | राष्ट्रपति रामनाथ कोविंद ने नवाचार और उद्यमिता महोत्सव का उद्घाटन किया तथा नई दिल्ली के राष्ट्रपति भवन में गांधीवादी युवा तकनीकी अभिनव पुरस्कार प्रदान करेंगे. यह फेस्टिवल नवाचार में लगे लोगों को संभावित हितधारकों से जुड़ने का एक मंच प्रदान करेगा जिससे वे आने वाले वर्षों में सामाजिक कार्यों के लिए अपने विचारों को और विकसित कर सकें। यह फेस्टिवल ऐसे लोगों को विचार साझा करने और सीखने का अवसर भी प्रदान करेगा। कृषि, ग्रामीण विकास, स्वच्छता, स्वास्थ्य, महिला और बाल विकास, जैव प्रौद्योगिकी और दवा जैसे क्षेत्रों में सकारात्मक विकास के लिए नये समाधान यहां देखने को मिल सकते हैं।

  1. व्लादिमीर पुतिन कौनसी बार रूस की राष्ट्रपति चुने गए हैं ?

रूसी राष्ट्रपति व्लादिमीर पुतिन ने रविवार को हुए चुनावों में एक बार फिर बड़ी जीत हासिल कर ली है। पुतिन चौथी बार राष्ट्रपतिपद के लिए चुने गए हैं | पुतिन को 75.9 प्रतिशत वोट मिले हैं। उन्हें साल 2012 से भी ज्यादा वोट इस चुनाव में मिले हैं। रूस की जनता ने पुतिन को ही अगले 6 सालों के लिए राष्ट्रपति चुना है। अब वह 2024 तक इस पद पर रहेंगे। व्लादिमीर पुतिन 19 साल पहले रूस के कार्यकारी राष्ट्रपति बने थे। उन्होंने पहली बार 2000 में चुनाव लड़ा और 53 फीसदी वोट के साथ विजयी रहे थे। 2004 में वह 71.2 फीसदी वोट लेकर फिर राष्ट्रपति बने थे। जबकि 2012 में उन्होंने 63.3 फीसदी वोट पाकर एक बार फिर जीत दर्ज की। अब इस बार जीतने पर वह 2024 तक राष्ट्रपति बने रहेंगे। वह जोसेफ स्टालिन के बाद रूस में सबसे अधिक समय तक सत्ता संभालने वाले दूसरे व्यक्ति बन जाएंगे। रूस में पहले राष्ट्रपति का कार्यकाल चार साल का होता था, लेकिन 2012 में इसे बदलकर छह साल का कर दिया गया। उल्लेखनीय रूस में कोई भी लगातार दो बार राष्ट्रपति नहीं बन सकता है। पुतिन भी तीन बार देश के राष्ट्रपति रहे हैं। लेकिन उन्होंने 2008 का चुनाव नहीं लड़ा था। एक चुनाव छोड़ने के बाद वह फिर राष्ट्रपति बने।

  1. साजिबू चेइराबा त्यौहार किस राज्य में मनाया जाता है ?

साजिबू चेइराबा मणिपुर का पारंपरिक त्यौहार है | इस दिन से ही मणिपुर में सांस्कृतिक उत्साह और धार्मिक उत्साह के साथ एक नए साल की शुरुआत होती है | इसे मैयती जनजातीय समुदाय के द्वारा बड़े धूमधाम के साथ मनाया जाता है जो कि मणिपुर राज्य की सबसे बड़ी जनजातीय कम्युनिटी है |


Hindi Current Affairs: 20-Mar-2017 (हिंदी माध्यम)

1. अविश्वास प्रस्ताव क्या होता है ?

अविश्वास प्रस्ताव लोकसभा में विपक्षी पार्टियों द्वारा सरकार के खिलाफ लाया जाने वाला प्रस्ताव है | जब विपक्षी पार्टियों को लगता है कि सरकार के पास बहुमत नहीं है या सरकार सदन में बहुमत खो चुकी है | ऐसे में विपक्षी पार्टियाँ अविश्वास प्रस्ताव लाती हैं | यह केवल लोकसभा में ही पेश किया जा सकता है राज्यसभा में नही | अविश्वास प्रस्ताव पेश करने के लिए न्यूनतम 50 लोकसभा सांसदों के समर्थन की आवश्यकता होती है | ऐसा होने पर पार्टी लोकसभा स्पीकर के पास प्रस्ताव ले जाती हैं | अगर स्पीकर से मंजूरी मिल जाती है तो 10 दिन के अंदर उसपर चर्चा करनी आवश्यक होती है | स्पीकर सदन में वोटिंग करा सकता है | अगर सरकार के विपक्ष में 50 % +1 वोट पड़ जाते हैं तो सरकार गिर जाती है | लोकसभा का स्पीकर तभी अपना मत देता है जब दोनों तरफ से बराबर मतदान हुआ हो। उस वक्त स्पीकर अपना वोट किसी भी एक पक्ष को देकर सरकार बना सकता है।

2.चेटीचंड’’ त्यौहार मनाने के पीछे कि अवधारणा बताइए

‘’चेटीचंड’’ सिंधी समुदाय का त्योहार है | भगवान झूलेलाल का जन्मोत्सव के रूप में पूरे देश में मनाया जाता है | इस त्योहार से जुड़ी हुई किवंदती है कि चूंकि सिंधी समुदाय व्यापारिक वर्ग रहा है सो ये व्यापार के लिए जब जलमार्ग से गुजरते थे लूटपाट , समुंद्री घटनाओं से बचाने के लिए यात्रा के लिए जाते समय महिलाएं वरुण देवता की स्तुति करती थीं व तरह-तरह की मन्नते मांगती थीं। चूंकि भगवान झूलेलाल जल के देवता हैं अत: यह सिंधी लोग के आराध्य देव माने जाते हैं। जब पुरुष वर्ग सकुशल घर लौट आता था तब चेटीचंड को उत्सव के रूप में मनाया जाता था।

3.नवकलेवर त्यौहार किस राज्य से सम्बंधित है ?

नवकलेवर उड़ीसा स्थित पुरी के जगन्नाथ मंदिरों से जुड़ा एक प्राचीन उत्सव है जब भगवान जगन्नाथ, व् बलभद्र,  सुभद्रा और सुदर्शन की पुरानी मूर्तियों को बदलकर नयी मूर्तियाँ स्थापित की जातीं हैं।  नवकलेवर = नव+कलेवर, अर्थात जगन्नाथ, बलभद्र, सुभद्रा और सुदर्शन पुराना शरीर त्यागकर नया शरीर धारण करते हैं। परम्परानुसार नवकलेवर का कार्य तब किया जाता है जब आषाढ़ मास अधिकमास होता है। यह प्रायः 8 वर्ष बाद, 11 वर्ष बाद या 19 वर्ष बाद आता है। ये मूर्तियाँ एक विशेष प्रकार की नीम की लकड़ी से बनायीं जाती हैं जिसे ‘दारु ब्रह्म’ कहते हैं। राष्ट्रपति रामनाथ कोविंद ने जुलाई 2015 से मनाए जाने वाले भगवान जगन्नाथ के नवकलेवर महोत्सव के अवसर पर 10 और 1000 रुपये के स्मारक सिक्के जारी किए.

4. हाल ही में “आफरीन’’ शहर खबरों में क्यूँ था?

आफरीन सीरिया का ‘कुर्द’ बाहुल्य शहर है | तुर्की समर्थित सेनाओं ने आफरीन शहर को अपने नियंत्रण में ले लिया है। तुर्की के राष्‍ट्रपति रिचेप तैयप एर्दोआन ने फ्री सीरियन आर्मी के आफरीन शहर को अपने नियंत्रण में लेने की घोषणा की। कुर्द विद्रोहियों के कब्‍जे से आफरीन शहर को मुक्‍त कराने के लिए तुर्की के नेतृत्‍व में पिछले दो महीने से अभियान चलाया जा रहा था।

5. सातवीं “महिला विज्ञान कांग्रेस” का आयोजन कहाँ किया जा रहा है ?

मणिपुर की राजधानी इम्फाल में 7 वें महिला विज्ञान कांग्रेस का आयोजन किया गया है | इंफाल के मणिपुर विश्वविद्यालय में आयोजित होने वाले 105वें भारतीय विज्ञान सम्मेलन के तीसरे दिन की पृष्ठभूमि में महिला विज्ञान सम्मेलन, 2018 का उद्घाटन किया गया. पश्चिम बंगाल के राज्यपाल केशरी नाथ त्रिपाठी ने महिलाओं के लिए विज्ञान सम्मेलन के 7वें संस्करण का उद्घाटन किया.

6. केदारनाथ सिंहकिस क्षेत्र से सम्बंधित थे ?

केदारनाथ सिंह हिंदी के मशहूर साहित्यकार कवि थे | वरिष्ठ कवि केदारनाथ सिंह का 83 साल की उम्र में निधन हो गया। उन्होंने दिल्ली के एम्स अस्पताल में आखिरी सांस ली। केदारनाथ । पेट में इन्फेक्शन के चलते उन्हें एम्स में भर्ती कराया गया था। उत्तर प्रदेश के बलिया में सन 1932 को उनका जन्म हुआ था | उन्हें ज्ञानपीठ पुरस्कार के अलावा मैथिलीशरण गुप्त सम्मान, जीवन भारती सम्मान, साहित्य अकादमी पुरस्कार और व्यास सम्मान जैसे कई पुरस्कारों से नवाजा गया। जमीन पक रही है, अभी बिल्कुल अभी, अकाल में सारस के अलावा कुछ और कविताएं उनके प्रमुख संग्रहों में शामिल हैं।

7.अंतर्राष्ट्रीय मुद्रा कोष  क्या है ?

अंतर्राष्ट्रीय मुद्रा कोष या International Monetary Fund #IMF एक अंतर्राष्ट्रीय संस्था है, जो अपने सदस्य देशों की वैश्विक आर्थिक स्थिति पर नज़र रखने का काम करती है। यह अपने सदस्य देशों को आर्थिक और तकनीकी सहायता प्रदान करती है। यह संगठन अन्तर्राष्ट्रीय विनिमय दरों को स्थिर रखने के साथ-साथ विकास को सुगम करने में सहायता करता है। इसका मुख्यालय वॉशिंगटन डी॰ सी॰, संयुक्त राज्य में है। इस संगठन के प्रबंध निदेशक डॉमनिक स्ट्रॉस है। आईएमएफ की स्थापना 1944 में की गई थी।  आईएमएफ के कुल 186 सदस्य देश हैं।आईएमएफ का उद्देश्य आर्थिक स्थिरता सुरक्षित करना, आर्थिक प्रगति को बढ़ावा देना, गरीबी कम करना, रोजगार को बढ़ावा देना और अंतर्राष्ट्रीय व्यापार सुविधाजनक बनाना है।

8.इन्डियन वेल्स ओपन/मास्टर्स किस देश से सम्बंधित खेल श्रृंखला है ?

इन्डियन वेल्स ओपन/मास्टर्स वार्षिक टेनिस टूर्नामेंट है जो कि अमेरिका के केलिफोर्निया राज्य में हर वर्ष आयोजित किया जाता है |अर्जेंटीना के जुआन मार्टिन डेल पोत्रो ने इंडियन वेल्स के फाइनल में दुनिया के नंबर वन टेनिस खिलाड़ी स्विट्जरलैंड के रोजर फेडरर को  हरा दिया है | स्विट्जरलैंड के रोजर फेडरर को 2018 में पहली हार का सामना करना पड़ा। वह इस साल लगातार 17 मैच जीत चुके थे। इससे पहले पोत्रो ने 2009 में फेडरर को यूएस ओपन के फाइनल में हराया था। 36 साल के फेडरर दुनिया के सबसे उम्रदराज नंबर वन खिलाड़ी हैं।

9. केविन पीटरसन किस खेल से सम्बंधित हैं ?

केविन पीटरसन इंग्लेंड की क्रिकेट टीम के पूर्व कप्तान रहे हैं | केविन पीटरसन ने शनिवार को क्रिकेट को अलविदा कह दिया.. 37 साल के पीटरसन जनवरी 2014 से ही अंतर्राष्ट्रीय क्रिकेट से दूर हैं. पीटरसन ने इंग्लैंड के लिए कुल 104 टेस्ट खेले और उनका अंतिम टेस्ट एशेज सीरीज का हिस्सा था, जिसमें इंग्लैंड को 0-5 से हार मिली थी. इसके बाद से पीटरसन हालांकि अलग-अलग घरेलू टी-20 लीग्स में खेलते रहे. वह तीन टेस्ट और 12 वनडे मैचों में इंग्लैंड के कप्तान रहे|

10. किन दो देशो के बीच ‘’वरुण ‘’ नामक नौसैनिक समुंद्री अभ्यास आयोजित किया जाता है ?

वरुण भारत और फ्रांस की नौसेनाओं के बीच  आयोजित द्विपक्षीय नौसेना अभ्यास है | भारत और फ्रांस के संयुक्त नौसैनिक अभ्यास‘ वरूण-18’ की शुरुआत अरब सागर में गोवा तट के पास हुई, जिसमें पनडुब्बी- रोधी, हवाई रक्षा और अलग- अलग रणनीतियों वाले अभ्यास भी शामिल होंगे| भारत और फ्रांस अपने- अपने सशस्त्र बलों के बीच अभियानों से जुड़े तालमेल की संभावनाएं तलाशेंगे और साझा वैश्विक खतरों को देखते हुए आपसी सहयोग बढ़ाएंगे| वरुण-18’ अरब सागर, बंगाल की खाड़ी और दक्षिण- पश्चिमी हिंद महासागर सहित तीन समुद्री क्षेत्रों में संचालित किया जाएगा. भारतीय नौसेना और फ्रांसीसी नौसेना मई 1993 के बाद से द्विपक्षीय समुद्री अभ्यास किये जा रहे हैं | अप्रैल 2017 में फ्रांसीसी तट पर वरुण -17 आयोजित किया गया था.


Current Affairs Today: 19-Mar-2018

Current Affairs Today: 19-Mar-2018

HAMMER Spacecraft

  • NASA has drawn up plans to build a huge nuclear spacecraft that is capable of shunting or blowing up dangerous space rocks and safeguarding life on Earth.
  • The spacecraft is named Hammer (Hypervelocity Asteroid Mitigation Mission for Emergency Response), an 8 ton spaceship.

  • The asteroid that is targeted is Bennu which is circling the sun at 63,000 mph. It is now at a comfortable 54 million miles from Earth.
  • NASA’s Osiris-Rex mission is en route to Bennu to take samples which is been monitored since its discovery in 1999.
  • Bennu’s impact over earth would release three times more energy than all nuclear weapons detonated throughout history.

Australian humpback dolphin

  • The S. sahulensis is a separate species within the Sousa (Humpback dolphin) family.
  • It is endemic to northern Australia and southern New Guinea.
  • They are referred to as an ‘inshore’ species because they mostly occur in shallow near shore waters, often at the mouths of estuaries and in tidal channels.

  • They are considered vulnerable by the International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List.
  • Australian humpback dolphin populations along the east coast of Queensland are characterized by low levels of genetic diversity, limited gene flow, and small effective population size.

Acheulian artefacts

  • Anthropological Survey of India (AnSI) have discovered a number of Acheulian artifacts (dated to about 1, 500,000–1, 50,000 years ago) at Ghumarwin in Bilaspur district of Himachal Pradesh.
  • The site is close to the site where scientists in the 19th century discovered fossil remains of Sivapithecus, the last common ancestor of orangutans and humans.
  • The oldest dated Acheulian sites in India are at Attirampakkam in Tamil Nadu, dating to 1.5 million years ago.
  • It is the first time that the AnSI has found a large number of Acheulian artifacts along with the Soanian tools (about 6,00,000 years ago) at a same site.
  • Acheulian is an archaeological industry of stone tool manufacture characterized by distinctive oval and pear-shaped “hand-axes” associated with early humans.
  • The Soanian is an archaeological culture of the Lower Paleolithic in the Siwalik region of the Indian subcontinent.

Snowflake crystal holds clues to climate change

  • Scientists are collecting the most fine-grained details about freshly fallen snowflakes and their evolution once they fallen in New York’s Catskill Mountains.
  • Snowflake is a flake of snow, especially a feathery ice crystal, typically displaying delicate sixfold symmetry.
  • The data collected could provide clues to the changing climate.
  • Snowflakes formed in different places have different characteristics.
  • In the Eastern U.S. it tends to be moister than the powdery snow that falls in higher elevation in the West.
  • The specimens collected displayed more rounded edges and irregularities than the classic crystalline forms.
  • This is characteristic of flakes formed up high in warmer air, suggesting climate change.

Financial Stability Board (FSB)

  • The FSB released its initial assessment of crypto-assets recently which states that they do not pose risk to global financial stability at present time.
  • It is an international body that monitors and makes recommendations about the global financial system.
  • In the G20 Leaders Summit of April 2009, the expanded Financial Stability Forum was re-established as the Financial Stability Board (FSB) with a broadened mandate to promote financial stability.
  • It coordinates financial regulation for the Group of 20 Economies.
  • Its headquarters is at Basel, Switzerland.

Pobitora Wildlife sanctuary

  • Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in the flood plains of River Brahmaputra in the district of Morigaon, Assam, India.
  • It harbors world’s highest density of rhinoceros.
  • In addition it has second highest concentration of Rhino in Assam after Kaziranga National Park.

  • In winter, Pobitora becomes a birder’s heaven, with thousands of waterfowl thronging the wetlands.
  • Pobitora can be divided into three distinct categories: forest, grassland and water bodies or beels.
  • The animals found in the region are one-horned rhino, leopard, wild boar, Barking deer, wild buffalo etc

Map of the day

Africa

· Morocco joining AU in 2017, all 55 countries on the African continent are part of African Union (AU).

· The Horn of Africa denotes the countries of Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Somalia.

· “Cotton Four” (C4) countries are Burkina Faso, Benin, Chad and Mali.

· Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Mauritania, Sudan, Djibouti, Somalia & Comoros are part of Arab League.

· East African Community (EAC) is composed of six countries in the African Great Lakes region viz. Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda.

· Sub-Saharan Africa describes the area of the African continent which lies south of the Sahara Desert.

· Maghreb region consists of the Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Libya, Mauritania and some areas of Western Sahara.

· The landlocked countries in Africa are Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Chad, Ethiopia, Lesotho, Malawi, Mali, Niger, Rwanda, Swaziland, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

 

 Source: PIB, The Hindu, Business Standard


Reports and Indices by Financial Organizations- World Bank and WEF

Category : Current Affairs

Reports By world bank:

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  1. Ease of Doing Business
  2. World Development Report
  3. Global Economic Prospect (GEP) report
  4. Remittance Report
  5. Ease of Living Index
  6. India Development Update
  7. Universal Health Coverage Index
  8. The Service Trade Restriction Index

Report By International Monetary Fund (IMF):

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  1. Global Financial Stability Report
  2. World Economic Outlook

Report by Organisation of Economic Development and Cooperation (OECD):

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  1. The Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA)

Report by WTO:

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  1. World Trade Outlook Indicator

Report by World Economic Forum (WEF):

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  1. Global Information Technology Report
  2. Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Report
  3. Global Competitiveness Report
  4. Enabling Trade Report
  5. Global Energy Architecture Performance Index Report
  6. Global Environment Performance Index 2016
  7. World Power Language Index
  8. Inclusive Development Index
  9. Human Capital Index
  10. Global Gender Gap Index

Report by Bank for International Settlements (BIS):

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  1. Global Financial System Report

Report by Financial Action Task Force (FATF):

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  1. Global Money Laundering Report

 


Current Affairs 2-jan-2018

Category : Current Affairs

Please find the important current affairs  02-Jan-2018 from all newspapers such as The Hindu, The Economic Times, PIB, Times of India, India Today, Indian Express, Business Standard, all Government official websites. Our complete current affairs helps you to get more marks in Banking, insurance, UPSC, SSC, CLAT, Railway and all other competitive Exams.

INDIAN AFFAIRS

Nagaland declared as ‘disturbed area’ for 6 more months
Union Home Ministry has declared entire state of Nagaland as “disturbed area” for six more months (till June 2018) under Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act – AFSPA.
i. Union Home Ministry has justified this extension by citing that killings, loot and extortion have been going in various parts of Nagaland, making it necessary to grant special powers to armed forces in tackling such incidences.
ii. It is to be noted that, AFSPA is in force in Nagaland since several decades.
iii. Under AFSPA, armed forces attain several overriding powers including authority to open fire and use force against any person acting against the law. Moreover any person can be arrested without a warrant. Armed forces also have authority to enter and search any premise. Over and above, officers of armed forces have legal immunity for their actions.
Quick Facts about Nagaland:
♦ Capital – Kohima
♦ Current Governor – Padmanabha Acharya
♦ Current Chief Minister – T.R. Zeliang
♦ Important National Park – Ntangki National Park

Defence ministry clears procurement of Barak missiles, guided bombs
On January 2, 2017, Union Defence Minister, Nirmala Sitharaman cleared two proposals to procure Barak Missiles from Israel and precision guided bombs for the Indian Air Force from Russia.
i. 131 Barak missiles and associated equipment will be procured from Israel’s Rafael Advance Defence Systems Ltd at a cost of Rs 460 crore.
ii. Barak Missiles (surface-to-air missiles) will be used as a ship-borne anti-missile defence system against anti-ship missiles.
iii. 240 precision guided bombs will be procured from M/s JSC Rosonboron Exports, Russia at a cost of Rs 1254 crore. This procurement will address the deficiency of Precision Guided Munitions in Indian Air Force and will thereby enhance its offensive capabilities.

Karnataka govt to obtain electric vehicles under FAME-India scheme
On January 1, 2018, Karnataka State Government announced that it would be obtaining electric vehicles under the Central Government’s Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid &) Electric Vehicles in India (FAME-India) Scheme.FAMEi. Under FAME-India Scheme, Karnataka State Government will procure 40 electric buses,  100 four wheelers and 500 three wheelers. It will also set up charging infrastructure for these vehicles in Bengaluru.
ii. FAME India scheme was announced in Union Budget 2015-16 with an initial allocation of Rs. 75 crore. It is being administered by Union Ministry of Heavy Industries & Public Enterprises.
iii. Under this scheme, Govt. encourages buyers to purchase hybrid and electric vehicles by providing monetary subsidy. For purchase of electric buses, the subsidy component is up to 60 per cent of purchase cost. For electric four wheelers and electric three-wheeler subsidy is Rs. 1.24 lakh and Rs 61000 respectively.
Quick Facts about Karnataka:
♦ Capital – Bengaluru
♦ Current Governor – Vajubhai Vala
♦ Current Chief Minister – Siddaramaiah
♦ Important National Park – Bandipur National Park

171st Araadhanai Music Festival begins in Tamil Nadu
On 2nd January 2017, the 171st Araadhanai Music Festival started in Thiruvaiyaru, Tamil Nadu.
171st Araadhanai Music Festival:
i. The Araadhanai Music Festival of musician Thyagaraja was inaugurated by Tamil Nadu Governor Banwarilal Purohit. Thyagaraja is one of the Trinities of Carnatic music.
ii. The highlight of the festival is choral singing of Thyagaraja’s 5 kritis in Ghana ragas. Around 1000 musicians from various countries are participating in this festival to pay homage to the music saint Thyagaraja.
About Saint Tyagaraja:
♦ Birth name – Kakarla Tyagabrahmam
♦ Occupation – Carnatic composer

Gujarat government bans bird care NGOs during Uttarayan festival
Gujarat Animal Husbandry department has banned all voluntary animal care and NGOs working under ‘Karuna Abhiyan’ to function in residential areas during the 2018 Uttarayan festival.UttarayanBird care NGOs banned during Uttarayan:
i. Usage of abrasive thread for flying kites during Uttarayan festival injures a lot of birds. To prevent such injuries around 40 organisations have been working to treat birds, mainly at time of this festival.
ii. These organisations function under the Ahmedabad forest department. Now, the Gujarat government has banned these organisations to function in residential areas during Uttarayan, because of high bird flu outbreak in January 2017 and a Gujarat High Court order issued in 2017.
iii. Two animal shelters – Asha Foundation and Jeev Daya Charitable Trust have been permitted to carry out follow-up of injured birds after treatment at seven care centres in Ahmedabad.
About Uttarayan:
♦ International Kite Festival
♦ Date – 14 January every year
♦ Frequency – Annual
♦ Location – Gujarat

Puducherry launches tourist-friendly police force
On 1st January 2018, the Puducherry goverment launched a special police force to safeguard tourists.
Tourist-friendly police force in Puducherry:
i. The tourist-friendly police are provided with special blue colour head gears. They will also wear blue badges with police emblem.
ii. Usually the territorial police wear red colour caps. The colour has been changed for easy identification of the police by tourists.
iii. This has been done to improve the safety of tourists. The tourist police would safeguard both domestic and international tourists.
iv. The tourist police would coordinate with the coastal police. This wing was launched by Director General of Police S K Gautam.
Important tourist sites in Puducherry:
♦ Sri Aurobindo Ashram
♦ Auroville (City of Dawn)
♦ French War Memorial

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

UNESCO enters Turkey’s endangered ‘bird language’ in Intangible Cultural Heritage list
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has entered the “bird language” of Black Sea villagers (in northern Turkey) in the list of Intangible Cultural Heritage.UNESCOi. The highly-developed and high pitch system of whistling to communicate in the rugged terrain in Black Sea Regions dates back to some 500 years ago.
ii. This whistle language has been traditionally passed on through generations – from grandparent to parent, from parent to child.
iii. However, this system is now under threat due to advent of technology and increasing usage of cellular mobile systems.
About Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage:
♦ Practices, expressions, representations, as well as skills and knowledge that communities, groups and, in some cases, individuals recognise as part of their cultural heritage are defined as intangible cultural heritage by UNESCO’s Convention for Safeguarding the Intangible Cultural Heritage.
♦ Intangible Cultural Heritage comprises oral traditions, social practices, performing arts, rituals, knowledge and practices concerning nature and the universe, festive events and traditional craftsmanship knowledge and techniques.
♦ The convention was adopted by the UNESCO General Conference in 2003 and came into force in 2006.

California launches legal sale of cannabis for recreational use
On January 1, 2018, California became the sixth U.S. state to permit the sale of cannabis for recreational use.
Legal Sale of Cannabis across US:
i. Five U.S. states where sale of cannabis for recreational use is permitted are Colorado, Washington, Oregon, Alaska and Nevada.
ii. However, sale of cannabis in these states is regulated by the government and is taxable. Besides, it can be sold only to adults 21 years and older.
iii. Cannabis, popularly known as marijuana is a psychoactive drug from the Cannabis plant. It can be consumed by smoking, vaporising or by mixing with food.
iv. In context of this news, it is important to note that, in July 2017, Uruguay became the first country to legalize sale of marijuana for recreational use.

China develops underwater surveillance networks in Indian Ocean, SCS
China has developed a new underwater surveillance network which will help its submarines to accurately track target vessels and will protect its interests in the Indian Ocean and South China Sea.ChinaMore Information about China’s underwater surveillance network:
i. This surveillance network works by acquiring information about the underwater environment (water temperature, salinity etc.), streaming acquired information to intelligence centres and providing actionable information to Chinese navy which will use it for tracking, navigation and positioning.
ii .Information is acquired through satellites, surface vessels, underwater gliders and by deploying buoys in South China Sea and the Western Pacific and Indian Oceans.
iii. The acquired information is streamed to three intelligence centres — in the Paracel Islands in the South China Sea, the southern province of Guangdong, and a joint facility in South Asia. These centres will process and analyse the acquired information and will transmit it to Chinese Navy.
iv. The network has been developed by South China Sea Institute of Oceanology under the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS).
Quick Facts about China:
♦ Capital – Beijing
♦ Currency – Renminbi
♦ Current President – Xi Jinping
♦ Important Rivers – Yangtze, Yellow River

BANKING & FINANCE

Finance Ministry to relaunch GoI bonds with 7.75% rate
Subhash Chandra, Secretary of Department of Economic Affairs under Ministry of Finance, has tweeted that new subscription to GoI Savings (Taxable) Bonds, 2003would now bear 7.75 per cent interest rate as compared to 8% earlier.
i. On January 1, 2018, Central Government notified that 8% GoI Savings (Taxable) Bonds, 2003 shall be closed for subscription from the close of business on January 2, 2018.
ii. Since April 2016, this instrument had become a preferred choice amongst fixed income investors as the interest rates on fixed deposits and small savings instruments dropped below 8% mark.
iii. However, Mr. Garg has clarified that this scheme is not being closed rather it is being replaced by 7.75 per cent Savings Bonds Scheme.
iv. Even at 7.75 per cent interest, these bonds will fetch highest returns as compared to other fixed-income products.
About GoI Savings (Taxable) Bonds, 2003:
♦ Government of India (GoI’s) Savings Bonds Scheme is also known as RBI Bonds Scheme.
♦ It was launched by Government of India in 2003, offering 8% interest to encourage retail investors.
♦ It has a fixed tenure of six years and there is no upper limit for investment.

India’s GDP growth at 6.5% in FY18, will accelerate to 7.6% in FY20: HSBC
As per a report by HSBC, India economy is expected to grow at 6.5 per cent in this fiscal (FY 2017-18) while in FY 2018-19 it will register 7.0 per cent growth.HSBCIndian Economy’s Growth Forecast – HSBC:
i. HSBC report has outlined that in FY 2018-19, Indian economy will strongly emerge from the impact of demonetisation and roll out of the Goods and Services Tax (GST).
ii. In the immediate term, HSBC expects that recovery in India’s Gross Domestic product (GDP) growth will be gradual preventing any price rise and thereby allowing Reserve Bank of India to keep rates on hold.
iii. As per the report, once the economy fully absorbs the effects of two major events, the inflation will settle around RBI’s 4 per cent target.
iv. For FY 2019-20, HSBC has forecasted that Indian economy will grow at 7.6 per cent and after that period, India will reap the benefits of recently undertaken structural reforms.
Quick Facts about HSBC:
♦ Incorporated in – 1866
♦ Headquarters – London, UK

No charges on debit card transactions up to Rs 2000: Finance Ministry
Rajiv Kumar, Secretary of Financial Services under Union Finance Ministry has stated that from January 1, 2018, customers will not have to pay any transaction charges for payments made through debit card, BHIM app and Aadhaar-enabled payment systems for up to Rs 2000.
Charges on debit card transactions to be borne by Government:
i. This has been made possible as the merchant discount rate (MDR) will now be borne by the government for two years with effect from January 1, 2018. 
ii. Government will straightaway reimburse MDR to the banks. Bearing the MDR for two years will cost the Government Rs 2512 crore.
iii. Proposal in this regard was approved by Union Cabinet in December 2017.
iv. Fee charged to a merchant by a bank for providing debit and credit card payment services is referred to as merchant discount rate (MDR).

Crisil launches index to track FPI investments in fixed markets
On January 2, 2017, rating agency Crisil launched Crisil FPI Index, an index to measure the performance of investments of foreign portfolio investors (FPI) in the fixed-income market.
About Crisil FPI Index:
i. This index is expected to serve as benchmark for performance of FPI investments in government securities and high rated corporate bonds with maturity greater than three years.
ii. The index holds significance owing to the current tilt of FPIs towards fixed-income securities and recent enhancement of investment limits by Reserve Bank of India (RBI).
iii. Apart from the FPI index, Crisil maintains 47 indices tracking bond, money market, gilt, hybrid and commodity segments. These indices are used by fund managers for benchmarking their products and portfolios.
Quick Facts about Crisil:
♦ Founded in – 1987
♦ Headquarters – Mumbai, Maharashtra

HDFC Bank, Rajasthan govt in tie-up to help start-ups
HDFC Bank has entered into a partnership with Rajasthan State Government to promote and nurture the start-ups in the state.HDFCDetails about HDFC Bank – Rajasthan tie-up:
i. Under this agreement, HDFC Bank will provide end-to-end solutions like current accounts, credit cards and other solutions to start-ups in Rajasthan under its SmartUp programme.
ii. Besides, HDFC Bank will evaluate the offerings by such Startups and will also give them an opportunity to showcase their solutions/technologies.
iii. HDFC Bank’s SmartUp is  is a complete banking solution exclusively meant for startups. It also includes forex and advisory services.
Quick Facts about HDFC Bank:
♦ Founded in – 1994
♦ Headquarters – Mumbai, Maharashtra
♦ Current MD – Aditya Puri
♦ Tagline – ‘We Undertand Your World’

BUSINESS

Karnataka government to hold ‘Karnataka International Travel Expo’ (KITE), “largest” B2B travel event in India
The ‘Karnataka International Travel Expo’ (KITE), considered the “largest” B2B travel eventin India, will be held in Bengaluru, from February 28, 2018.
Karnataka International Travel Expo (KITE):
i. The ‘Karnataka International Travel Expo’ (KITE) will be held for 3 days. Around 400 delegates from 25 countries are expected to part in the expo.
ii. Estimated budget for the expo is Rs 7 crore. Aim of this expo is to project Karnataka globally and attract tourism.
iii. For the first time, blogathon will be conducted in the expo. Also, a startup pavilion will be setup for promoting new technologies and innovations in the tourism sector.
Some National Parks of Karnataka:
♦ Anshi National Park – Uttara Kannada
♦ Bandipur National Park – Chamarajanagar
♦ Bannerughatta National Park – Bengaluru

GAIL commissions India’s second largest rooftop solar plant in UP
On January 1, 2018, GAIL India Ltd announced that it has commissioned India’s second largest rooftop solar power plant in Uttar Pradesh.GAILDetails about India’s second largest rooftop solar plant commissioned by GAIL:
i. This plant has been installed at GAIL’s petrochemical complex at Pata in Uttar Pradesh. 
ii. Over 79 lakh KWh (or units) of electricity will be generated from this rooftop solar plant, which will be used within the petrochemical complex itself.
iii. Captive solar power initiatives like this will help GAIL to reduce its carbon emissions by 6300 tonnes per annum.
Quick Facts about GAIL:
♦ Founded in – 1984
♦ Headquarters – New Delhi
♦ Current Chairman and Managing Director – B.C. Tripathi

AWARDS & RECOGNITIONS

Mohamed Salah named Arab football player of the year 2017
On 1st January 2018, Mohamed Salah, Liverpool and Egypt striker, was named Arab Football Player of the Year 2017.SalahMohamed Salah – Arab football player of the year 2017:
i. A poll was conducted with around 100 sports journalists from various Arab countries. Mohammed Salah won the poll and claimed the Arab football player of the year 2017 title.
ii. Mohammed Salah is 25 years old. Syria’s Omar Khribin secured the second position and another Syrian player Omar Al-Soma came third.
iii. Mohammed Salah is also nominated for the African Player of the Year title, which is to be announced on 4th January 2018.
About Mohammed Salah:
♦ Team – Liverpool and Egyptian national team
♦ Playing position – Forwar

APPOINTMENTS & RESIGNS

Devika Shah assumes office as Indian Clearing Corporation Ltd (ICCL) MD, CEO
Devika Shah has taken charge as the managing director and chief executive officer of Indian Clearing Corporation Ltd (ICCL).
Devika Shah – MD & CEO of Indian Clearing Corporation Ltd (ICCL):
i. Devika Shah has worked in several areas like regulatory and business, surveillance, investigation and inspection, trading operations, clearing and settlement, listing membership, etc.
ii. She graduated in Commerce from the University of Mumbai. She is a fellow member of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.
About Indian Clearing Corporation Ltd (ICCL):
♦ A wholly owned subsidiary of BSE (Bombay Stock Exchange)
♦ Functions – clearing, settlement, collateral management and risk management for various segments of the exchange

Vijay Keshav Gokhale appointed as Foreign Secretary of India
Vijay Keshav Gokhale, current secretary (economic relations) has been named as India’s next foreign secretary.
More Information about Vijay Keshav Gokhale:
i. Mr. Gokhale is a 1981-batch Indian Foreign Service (IFS) officer. He is considered an expert on China.
ii. He is the only IFS officer to have served as India’s Representative both in Taiwan and China. He has also served as India’s high commissioner to Malaysia and as an ambassador in Germany.
iii .Besides, he has also handled East Asia Division in the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA). This division focuses on India’s ties with China, South Korea, North Korea, Japan, Mongolia and Taiwan.
iv. Mr. Gokhale will succeed current foreign secretary, S Jaishankar whose extended tenure will end on January 28, 2018.

Soumeylou Boubeye Maiga appointed as new Prime Minister of Mali
On 30th December 2017, Soumeylou Boubeye Maiga was appointed the new Prime Minister of Mali.MaliSoumeylou Boubeye Maiga – Prime Minister of Mali:
i. Ibrahim Boubacar Keita, President of Mali, appointed Soumeylou Boubeye Maiga as the new prime minister of Mali.
ii. Soumeylou Boubeye Maiga is a former defense and foreign minister and intelligence chief. He replaces Abdoulaye Idrissa Maiga.
iii. Abdoulaye Idrissa Maiga and his cabinet resigned on 29th December 2017. He did not mention any reason for his resignation.
Some firsts in India:
♦ First Prime Minister of India – Jawaharlal Nehru
♦ First female Prime Minister of India – Indira Gandhi
♦ First President of India – Rajendra Prasad

SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

Health Secretary launches Allied Health Professionals Database Portal
On January 1, 2018, Ms. Preeti Sudan, Secretary, Health and Family Welfarelaunched the Allied and Healthcare Professionals’ database portal in New Delhi.
More Information about Allied and Healthcare Professionals’ database portal:
i. The portal will serve as a robust data repository of healthcare workers in India.Allied and Healthcare Professionals’ can visit the portal and provide basic personal, qualification and professional information.
ii. The portal will help the Government to track the number of professionals and streams of allied and healthcare professions in India. It will also expedite the processes of licensing of professionals and will bring transparency in the system by maintaining standards of educational and clinical practice and workforce policy planning.
iii. Over 3000 professionals have already registered on the portal during the testing phase.
iv. However, Ms. Sudan stated that this portal is a provisional measure to track and reach out to all the allied and healthcare professionals in India until a statutory body is established.

Women & Child Development Minister Maneka Gandhi inaugurates online portal NARI
On 2nd January 2018, Maneka Sanjay Gandhi, Minister of Women and Child Development inaugurated NARI, an online portal.NARI PortalNARI:
i. The NARI portal has been launched to provide women easy access to information on government schemes and various initiatives for women.
ii. The NARI portal provides a summary of more than 350 government schemes and other important information useful for women.
iii. Also, it provides links to the ministries, departments and autonomous bodies offering these schemes. Easy access to online applications and grievance redressal is also provided.
Organisations under Ministry of Women and Child Development:
♦ National Institute of Public Cooperation and Child Development (NIPCCD)
♦ National Commission for women (NCW)
♦ National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR)
♦ Central Adoption Resource Agency (CARA)
♦ Central Social Welfare Board (CSWB)
♦ Rashtriya Mahila Kosh (RMK)

ENVIRONMENT

World to become drier with global warming of 2 degrees Celsius
Scientists have said that, more than a quarter of Earth’s land area will become drier even if we manage to reduce global warming to two degrees Celsius.
World to become drier:
i. If the average global warming is reduced to 1.5 C, the drying will be limited to about one tenth. This was stated in a study published in Nature Climate Change.
ii. At 1.5 C global warming, certain regions of southern Europe, southern Africa, central America, coastal Australia and Southeast Asia would become dry.
iii. This drying would increase land degradation and desertification, loss of plants and trees, droughts and wildfires.
About Nature Climate Change:
♦ Edited by – Bronwyn Wake
♦ Publisher – Nature Publishing Group
♦ Discipline – Atmospheric sciences, environmental sciences

SPORTS

G Sathiyan becomes India’s highest ranked player in latest ITTF rankings
G Sathiyan has become India’s highest ranked player in the International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF) rankings.SathiyanG Sathiyan – India’s highest ranked player in ITTF rankings:
i. G Sathiyan, who has become India’s highest ranked player in ITTF rankings has scored 49th position at the world level. He is followed by Sharath Kamal who is at 51st world rank.
ii. In women’s ranking, Manika Batra has topped the list among Indians with world rank 62. She is followed by Mouma Das at 74 and Madhurika Patkar at 81.
About International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF):
♦ Headquarters – Lausanne, Switzerland
♦ Membership – 226 member associations
♦ President – Thomas Weikert

OBITUARY

Famous Urdu poet Anwar Jalalpuri passes away
On 2nd January 2018, Urdu poet Anwar Jalalpuri died due to cardiac arrest at King George’s Medical University (KGMU) in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh.AnwarDeath of Anwar Jalalpuri:
i. Anwar Jalalpuri was 71 years old. He was admitted to the KGMU’s Trauma Centre in critical condition after he was affected by brain stroke.
ii. Some of his important works are “Rahrau se Rahnuma Tak” and translations of Gitanjali and Bhagwat Gita in Urdu. He also wrote dialogues for TV serial “Akbar the Great”.
Some power stations in Uttar Pradesh:
♦ Sumera Hydroelectric Power Plant – Aligarh
♦ Singrauli Super Thermal Power Plant – Sonebhadra


Current Affairs 03-Jan-2018

Category : Current Affairs

INDIAN AFFAIRS

  1. Cabinet Approvals on January 3, 2018

On January 3, 2018, Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modiapproved following bilateral agreements and initiatives:

Cabinet approves Agreement between India and Myanmar on Land Border Crossing

This agreement envisages regulation of the existing free movement rights for people residing in the border areas of both countries.

  • Besides, it will also facilitate trans-border movement of people on the basis of valid passports and visas which will enhance economic and social interaction between Indian and Myanmar.
  • This agreement will not only strengthen people-to-people ties but will also provide a boost to the economy of the North Eastern India.

Cabinet apprised of the MoU between India and Italy on cooperation in the field of renewable energy

This Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed on October 30, 2017 in New Delhi.Approvals

  • Through this MoU, India and Italy will strive to establish the basis for a cooperative institutional relationship to facilitate technical bilateral cooperation in renewable energy sector.
  • A Joint Working Committee will be established to review, monitor and discuss matters relating to areas of cooperation enlisted in this MoU.

Cabinet approves MoU between India and Israel on Cooperation in the Oil and Gas Sector

This MoU is expected to strengthen India – Israel ties in the energy sector.

  • The MoU envisages promotion of investments in each other’s countries, technology transfer and Research & Development in energy sector.
  • Joint studies, collaboration in the area of Start-ups and capacity building of human resources have also been covered under the scope of this MoU.

Cabinet approves MoU between India and Belgium on Cooperation in the field of ICT&E

This MoU was signed on November 7, 2017 during the State Visit of King Philippe of the Belgium to India.

  • The MoU envisages cooperation between India and Belgium in sharing of best practices in the areas of Information Communication Technology and Electronics (ICT&E), e-Governance, e-Public Service Delivery, exchange of experts and cyber security.
  • In context of this news, it is important to note that Belgium has expertise in the Communication Technology sector especially in the field of e-Governance and Tax on web.

Cabinet approves MoU between India and ‘Transport for London’

Union Cabinet has approved signing and implementation of the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between Union Ministry of Road Transport & Highways and ‘Transport for London’.

  • ‘Transport for London’ is a statutory body established under the Greater London Authority Act, 1999 (UK) to improve Public Transport in India.
  • This MoU will help to improve the overall public transport system in India. Besides it will also promote the use of high capacity buses in India.

Cabinet approves revised Model Concession Agreement for PPP Projects in Major Ports

Union Cabinet has approved the revised model concession agreement for public private partnership (PPP) projects in major ports.

  • The model concession agreement has been amended to make the port projects more investor-friendly and to make investment climate in the port sector more attractive.
  • The amendment has stipulated that a Society for Affordable Redressal of Disputes – Ports (SAROD-PORTS) will be constituted, that shall serve as a dispute resolution mechanism.
  • Developers will now be able to exit the project after completion of 2 years by way of divesting their equity up to 100 per cent.

Cabinet approves setting up of new AIIMS in Bilaspur

The new All India Institutes of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) in Bilaspur (Himachal Pradesh) will be set up at cost of Rs.1351 crore under the Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY).

  • The new AIIMS in Bilaspur will consist of a hospital with a capacity of 750 beds, trauma center facilities, Medical college with an intake of 100 MBBS students per year and Nursing college with an intake of 60 B.Sc. (Nursing) students per year.
  • It will also have 20 Speciality/Super-Speciality Departments including 15 Operation theatres and AYUSH department with 30 beds.
  • Under Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY), AIIMS on the pattern of AIIMS, New Delhi have been established in Bhubaneshwar, Bhopal, Raipur, Jodhpur, Rishikesh and Patna.

Cabinet approves Rs 6809-cr Zojila tunnel project in J-K

The Zojila pass tunnel project in Jammu and Kashmir will provide all-weather connectivity between Srinagar, Kargil and Leh which remains cut-off from the rest of the world during winters due to heavy snowfall.

  • Zojila pass is situated at an altitude of 11,578 feet on Srinagar-Kargil-Leh National Highway.
  • The project includes 14.15 km long 2-lane bi – directional tunnel with 14.2 km long Parallel Escape (Egress) Tunnel.
  • This project will be implemented by National Highways and Infrastructure Development Corporation Limited (NHIDCL) under Union Ministry of Road Transport and Highways.

2. Parliament passes Insolvency & Bankruptcy Code Amendment Bill

On January 2, 2018, Indian Parliament passed Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Amendment) Bill, 2017 as it was passed by Rajya Sabha. This amendment bill was passed by the Lok Sabha in December 2017. It replaces the ordinance that was promulgated in November 2017.

Some of the Key Provisions of Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Amendment) Bill, 2017:
Insolvency Bankruptcy Code Amendment Bill.

  • Undischarged insolvent, wilful defaulters and those whose accounts have been classified as non-performing assets have been declared as ineligible for being a resolution applicant.
  • The provision not only restricts such persons to participate in the resolution or liquidation process, but also stipulates that Committee of Creditors (CoC) should ensure the viability and feasibility of the resolution plan before approving it.
  • During liquidation process, property of a defaulter cannot be sold to such person who is ineligible to be a resolution applicant as per above stated parameters.
  • Violations of the norms will attract fine ranging from Rs. 1 lakh to Rs. 2 crore.

Parliament passes bill to raise NABARD’s capital to Rs 30000 crore

On January 2, 2018, National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (Amendment) Bill, 2017, was passed in the Rajya Sabha by voice vote. This bill was passed by the Lok Sabha in August, 2017.

  • The bill seeks to increase NABARD’s authorised capital to Rs 30000 crore from the current level of Rs. 5000 crore.
  • Besides, Reserve Bank of India’s (RBI’s) 0.4 percent equity in NABARD will be transferred to Central Government. Consequentially, 100 percent equity of NABARD will now be with government.

Lok Sabha passes bill allowing construction within 100m radius of heritage monuments

On January 2, 2018, Lok Sabha passed the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains (Amendment) Bill 2017 that permits government to take up infrastructure projects within the 100 metre prohibited area around protected monuments.

  • Minister of State for Culture, Mahesh Sharma justified the bill by stating that the current rule of banning construction in the prohibited areas was adversely affecting various public works and is hampering developmental projects of the central government.
  • In Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958,’prohibited area’ has been defined as land in the 100-metre radius around a protected monument.
  • It is to be note that there are over 3600 such protected monuments and sites across India.

3. Haryana to implement solar-based micro irrigation schemes in all districts
On January 2, 2018, Haryana Chief Minister, Manohar Lal Khattar directed the state irrigation department to implement the integrated solar-based micro irrigation scheme in all districts of Haryana.
More information about Haryana Government’s integrated solar-based micro irrigation scheme:
i. Mr. Khattar has constituted a committee headed by Haryana Renewable Energy Development Agency (HAREDA) chairman to form a strategy to execute this scheme.
ii. Currently, solar-based micro irrigation scheme is being implemented on pilot basis across 13 districts of Haryana at a cost of Rs 24.65 crore.
iii. This scheme will save electricity and water and will thereby prove to be economical for farmers.
Quick Facts about Haryana:
♦ Capital – Chandigarh
♦ Current Governor – Kaptan Singh Solanki
♦ Current Chief Minister – Manohar Lal Khattar
♦ Important National Park – Sultanpur National Park

4. Uttar Pradesh theme state for Surajkund crafts mela
On 1st January 2018, Haryana tourism department announced that Uttar Pradesh is the theme state for the 32nd Surajkund International Crafts Mela, to be held at Surajkund, Faridabad, from 2nd to 15th February 2018.SurajkundSurajkund crafts mela theme state – Uttar Pradesh:
i. All Indian states and around 24 countries are expected to participate in the Surajkund International Crafts Mela.
ii. Haryana tourism minister Ram Bilas Sharma said that, the fair is organized by Haryana Tourism and Surajkund Fair Authority in collaboration with Union ministries of tourism, textiles, culture and external affairs.
iii. It projects Indian handicrafts, handloom, cultural heritage and prosperity of India at global level. The theme state for Surajkund International Crafts Mela 2018 is Uttar Pradesh.
iv. Also, eminent folk artists and cultural groups of national and international repute will conduct programmes at the fair.
Some festivals celebrated in Haryana:
♦ Haryana Day – commemorates the day on which Haryana Tourism Corporation was formed
♦ Pinjore Heritage Festival – held at Pinjore Gardens  to promote the rich cultural and historic tradition of Pinjore region

Tamil Nadu Government launches e-governance policy
On 2nd January 2018, Tamil Nadu Government launched an e-governance policy to help public, government and commercial establishments avail all services through digital medium.
e-governance policy:
i. The e-Governance policy 2017 booklet was released by Tamil Nadu Chief Minister K Palaniswamy. It was received by Tamil Nadu IT Minister M Manikandan.
ii. The e-Governance policy contains guidelines for developing IT infrastructure for the digital initiatives of the government.
iii. This policy lets the government allocate 0.5 % of the total funds in a financial year for digital initiatives and further increase it to 3 % in the next five years.
Recent schemes by Tamil Nadu government:
♦ Free Set Top Boxes Scheme by Arasu Cable TV Corporation
♦ 70,000 Houses for Urban Poor in TamilNadu under PMAY in 5 Years
♦ Tamil Nadu Tatkal Scheme for Free Power Connection for Farmers

Haryana makes Solar Photovoltaic Power plant mandatory for new buildings
The Haryana government has mandated installation of Solar Photovoltaic Power plant in new buildings as per specified norms.
Solar Photovoltaic Power plants in new buildings:
i. This has been done in a move to conserve electricity and use it efficiently. Haryana New and Renewable Energy Department notified that the sectors of Haryana State Industrial and Infrastructure Development Corporation should follow the norms.
ii. The guidelines for solar plant installation are as follows:

Type Sanctioned electricity load Solar Photovoltaic Power plant capacity
New residential buildings of minimum 500 square yards (within the limit of municipalities, including Haryana Urban Development Authority (HUDA) sector) 20 KW minimum 1 KW
New residential buildings of minimum 500 square yards (within the limit of municipalities, including Haryana Urban Development Authority (HUDA) sector) Above 20 KW 5 % of the sanctioned electricity load
New private educational institutes, schools, colleges, hostels, technical or vocational educations institutes, universities 30 KW 5 KW peak or 5 % of sanctioned load, whichever is higher
New private hospitals and nursing homes, industrial and commercial establishments, malls, hotels, motels, banquet halls and tourism complexes 50 KW – 1000 KW 10 KW peak or 5 % of sanctioned load
New private hospitals and nursing homes, industrial and commercial establishments, malls, hotels, motels, banquet halls and tourism complexes more than 1000 KW 50 KW peak or 3 % of sanctioned load

Recent schemes of Haryana government:
♦ Bank Loans for Cobblers in Haryana – Differential Rate of Interest (DRI) Scheme
♦ Bhavantar Bharpai Yojana for Farmers in Haryana to Fix Vegetables Base Price
♦ 100 Dial Scheme and Mitra Kaksh in Haryana to Provide Justice on Time

Assam Launches ‘Chah Bagichar Dhan Puraskar Mela 2017-18’ Scheme For Tea Garden Workers
On 2nd January 2018, Assam Chief Minister Sarbananda Sonowal launched ‘Chah Bagichar Dhan Puraskar Mela 2017-18’ at a function held at Sarbananda Singha auditorium in Tinsukia, Assam.AssamChah Bagichar Dhan Puraskar Mela 2017-18:
i. During the launch Sarbananda Sonowal distributed cheques to beneficiaries. Under this scheme people belonging to tea community who opened bank accounts during demonetisation will be credited Rs 2500 in their accounts.
iii .In the demonetisation period, 6,58,250 tea community members opened bank accounts. Assam government will spend Rs. 182 crore for giving financial incentives to all the account holders.
ii. In the next phase, another 2500 rupees will be credited to accounts which are continuously operated for 6 months from now.
Recent schemes of Assam government:
♦ Tractor Distribution Scheme to Double Farmers Income by 2022
♦ Assam Deen Dayal Divyangjan Sahajya Scheme – Rs 5000 for Person with Disabilities
♦ Sarothi Start Up fund Assam

Famous Dhanu Yatra festival concludes in Odisha
On 2nd January 2018, the Dhanu Yatra festival held in Bargarh district of Odishacame to an end.
Dhanu Yatra:
i. The Dhanu Yatra festival was held for 11 days. It began on 23 December 2017. This festival is based on Krishna Leela and Mathura Vijay.
ii. Bargarh was made to look like Mathura, which is the birthplace and homeland of Lord Krishna. River Jeera was made to resemble river Yamuna. Amapali region was transformed into Gopapura. Various artists from different parts of India performed in the festival.
iii. Sureswar Satpathy is the Chairman of Dhanu Jatra organising committee. He said that, this festival started in 1947-48 to celebrate India’s Independence and to mark the victory of good over evil.
Some classical dance forms of India:
♦ Bharatanatyam – Tamil Nadu
♦ Kathakali – Kerala
♦ Odissi – Odisha
♦ Sattriya – Assam

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

Six countries enter United Nations Security Council
On 3rd January 2018, Equatorial Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kuwait, Peru, Poland and the Netherlands joined the United Nations Security Council as non-permanent members.UNSC6 countries joined United Nations Security Council:
i. Ambassadors of the 6 countries placed their flag among flags of the UN Security Council’s 9 other members. The council has 15 members in total.
ii. Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States have permanent seats in the council.
iii. On 31st December 2017, Egypt, Italy, Japan, Senegal, Ukraine and Uruguay left the United Nations Security Council.
About United Nations Security Council (UNSC):
♦ Formation – 1945
♦ Council President – Kairat Umarov
♦ Purpose – maintenance of international peace and security

Pakistan Replaces Dollar with Yuan for Bilateral Trade with China
On 2nd January 2018, the central bank of Pakistan approved the usage of Chinese currency, Yuan, for bilateral trade with China.
Dollar replaced with Yuan for Bilateral Trade with China:
i. This decision has been taken one day after US President Donald Trump announced stopping of all aid to Islamabad. This also indicates the growing bond between Pakistan and China.
ii. Now Pakistan and China might replace US dollar for transactions in China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) projects. Pakistan clarified that the Pakistani rupee will be continued for domestic usage.
About China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC):
♦ Products – Roadways, railways, Special Economic Zones, energy production, mass transit
♦ Established – 2013

BANKING & FINANCE

Govt finalizes Electoral Bonds scheme aimed at cleaning political funding
On January 2, 2018, Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley outlined the basic contours of the electoral bonds scheme including their denominations, eligibility and validity.
Details about Electoral Bonds:
i. The electoral bonds scheme was announced during the 2017-18 Union Budget speech of Mr. Jaitley.
ii. This scheme will serve as an alternative to cash donations and is thereby an attempt to make political funding more transparent.
iii. Rather than giving cash donations, donors can buy electoral bonds from specified branches of State Bank of India (SBI) for 10 days each in months of January, April, July and October.
iv. The bonds will be available in Rs.1000, Rs. 10000, Rs. 10 lakh, Rs. 1 crore denominations. These bonds would be valid for 15 days.
v. Political parties that receive these bonds can encash it only through a designated bank account with Election Commission.
vi .At the time of purchasing the bonds, the donor will have to fulfil Know Your Customer (KYC) norms at the bank. However, the bonds will not carry his/her name.

SBI, NABARD tie up to promote joint liability groups in Bengal
State Bank of India (SBI) and National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) have signed an agreement with five NGOs for the promotion of 2500 joint liability groups (JLGs) in select districts of West Bengal.SBI NABARDi. Informal groups comprising 4-10 members, undertaking similar economic activities, who are willing to jointly bear responsibility to repay loans taken by the group from a bank are referred to as joint liability groups.
ii. SBI has taken this initiative to extend financial assistance to excluded sections of the society, especially small or marginal tenant farmers who do not have a proper title of their farmland.
iii. Through this agreement, financial assistance will be extended to nearly 12500 tenant farmers in Purulia, Paschim Medinipur, Purba Medinipur, Burdwan and North 24 Parganas.
Quick Facts about State Bank of India (SBI):
♦ Renamed in – 1955
♦ Headquarters – Mumbai, Maharashtra
♦ Current Chairman – Rajnish Kumar

IICA, IPPB sign MoU to provide training on payment banking
On January 2, 2018, Indian Institute of Corporate Affairs (IICA) and India Post Payments Bank (IPPB) signed an agreement for the training of IPPB employees in the area of payment banking.
Details about IICA-IPPB MoU:
i. Under this agreement, IICA will not only impart training to IIPB officials/employees but will also provide research support in the area of payment banking.
ii. IPPB is Government of India’s attempt to further “financial inclusion” by providing basic banking services to population that has till date remained outside the ambit of formal banking.
iii. IPPB is well positioned to fulfil this responsibility by leveraging the massive network of post offices across India.
Quick Facts about IPPB:
♦ Incorporated in – August 2016
♦ Commenced Operations in – January 2017
♦ Parent Entity – Department of Posts, Govt. of India

Andhra Pradesh Grameena Vikas Bank introduces Desktop ATMs in rural India
On January 2, 2018, Andhra Pradesh Grameena Vikas Bank (APGVB) operationalised its first desktop ATM at Kasibugga in Mandi Bazar in Warangal, Telangana.APGVBDetails about APGVB’s Desktop ATMs:
i. The mini-ATM has been installed within the branch premises and will facilitate customers to withdraw small amounts. The regular bank account holders too can withdraw money from this desktop ATM and conduct other banking activities.
ii. The desktop ATM has low power requirements and is designed to work in harsh climatic conditions. It is specifically meant for rural customer who typically have small cash needs.
iii. APGVB has laid out plans to install 100 such desktop ATMs in different busy branches. 60 of them will be in Telangana State and 40 in AP branches.
Quick Facts about Andhra Pradesh Grameena Vikas Bank:
♦ Founded in – 2006
♦ Headquarters – Warangal
♦ Sponsor Bank – State Bank of India (SBI)
♦ Current Chairman – V. Narasi Reddy
♦ Tagline – ‘We are with you!’

NABARD sanctioned Rs 372.51 crore to Odisha
National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) has sanctioned Rs 372.51 crore loan assistance to Odisha for irrigation and rural bridge projects, that are to be undertaken during Jan- March 2017 period.
i. This loan has been sanctioned under the Rural Infrastructure Development Fund (RIDF).
ii. Out of this amount, Rs 130.17 crore will be used for carrying out work on 17322 lift irrigation projects including bore wells, shallow tube wells, digging wells and micro river lifts.
iii. These projects will provide assured irrigation to about 36440 hectares of agricultural land and will directly benefit about 40000 farmers across Odisha.
iv. Rs. 242.34 will be spent on 14 Rural Bridge Projects under Biju Setu Yojana. These bridges would add 6222.89 metres of bridge length, benefiting about 4.56 lakh population in 322 villages of the state.
Quick Facts about NABARD:
♦ Established in – 1982
♦ Headquarters – Mumbai, Maharashtra
♦ Current Chairman – Dr. Harsh Kumar Bhanwala

BUSINESS

RIL commissions world’s largest refinery off-gas cracker at Jamnagar
On 2nd January 2018, Reliance Industries Ltd (RIL) announced that, it has commissioned and achieved design throughput of the world’s largest refinery off the gas cracker atJamnagar.RILRIL commissions world’s largest refinery off-gas cracker:
i. Reliance Industries Ltd stated that, this refinery will have a capacity of 1.5 million tonnes per annum along with downstream plants and utilities.
ii. It said that, the facility uses off-gases from  two refineries of RIL at Jamnagar as feedstock. This will enable sustainable cost reduction.
About Reliance Industries Limited (RIL):
♦ Headquarters – Mumbai, Maharashtra
♦ Chairman & MD – Mukesh Ambani

AWARDS & RECOGNITIONS

JNPT wins “Samudra Manthan – Caring Organisation of the Year” award
Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT) has won “Samudra Manthan-Caring Organisation of the Year” award.JNPTSamudra Manthan:
i. “Samudra Manthan-Caring Organisation of the Year” award was organised by Bhandarkar Shipping.  Bhandarkar Shipping is an important publication of the maritime industry.
ii. The objective of this award is to create healthy competition in the maritime sector. Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT) is India’s number one container port in terms of volume and efficiency.
iii. The Shipping corporation of India, MSC Crewing and DP world were among the finalists for the award.
About Jawaharlal Nehru Port:
♦ Location – east of Mumbai
♦ Operated by – Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust

APPOINTMENTS & RESIGNS

Former RAW chief Rajinder Khanna appointed as Deputy NSA
On 3rd January 2018, Rajinder Khanna was appointed the Deputy National Security Adviser (NSA).
Rajinder Khanna – Deputy NSA:
i. Rajinder Khanna is a former chief of RAW (Research and Analysis Wing). He has been appointed as the Deputy NSA on re-employment and contractual basis.
ii. He is currently Officer on Special Duty (Neighbourhood Studies) in the National Security Council Secretariat. The purpose of Neighbourhood Studies is to prepare policy papers of neighbouring countries like Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Nepal.
About RAW (Research and Analysis Wing):
♦ Secretary (Research) – Anil Dhasmana
♦ Headquarters – New Delhi

Salman Khan appointed as brand ambassador of Emami’s edible oil brands
On 2nd January 2018, Emami Group announced actor Salman Khan as the brand ambassador for its edible oil brands.SalmanSalman Khan – Brand ambassador of Emami’s edible oil brands:
i. Salman Khan will work with Amitabh Bachchan in promoting Emami’s edible oil brands. Emami Healthy & Tasty, Himani Best Choice and Rasoi are Emami’s edible oil brands.
ii. Other actors like Shah Rukh Khan, Hrithik Roshan, Kareena Kapoor Khan, Kangana Ranaut, Shahid Kapoor and Sania Mirza promote Emami products.
About Emami Group:
♦ Headquarters – Kolkata, West Bengal
♦ Founders – R S Agarwal, R S Goenka

AB Mathur appointed Government interlocutor for talks with ULFA
On 2nd January 2018, the central government appointed AB Mathur as interlocutor on its behalf to hold talks with the United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA).
AB Mathur – Government interlocutor for talks with ULFA:
i. AB Mathur is an IPS officer of the 1975 batch. He is the former special secretary of the Research and Analysis Wing (RAW).
ii. Earlier he worked with the Intelligence Bureau (IB). ULFA (United Liberation Front of Assam) functions in Assam. It fights for sovereign Assam.AB MathurAbout Intelligence Bureau (IB):
♦ Headquarters – New Delhi
♦ Director – Rajiv Jain

OBITUARY

R Margabandu, the noted politician passed away
On 28th December 2017, R Margabandu, former Rajya Sabha member passed away.
Death of R Margabandu:
i. R Margabandu was 83 years old. He was an advocate by profession.
ii. He represented Tamil Nadu in Rajya Sabha from July 1995 to July 2001. He lead AIADMK party in Rajya Sabha.
About Rajya Sabha:
♦ Chairman – Venkaiah Naidu
♦ Leader of the House – Arun Jaitley
♦ Leader of the Opposition – Ghulam Nabi Azad